Common Dental Problems
If your child is showing signs of tooth decay, has sensitive teeth, has bad breath, canker sores, or orthodontic problems, we can help. See the list of problems and descriptions below for more information.
Cavities or caries, also known as tooth decay, are completely preventable. Sugary and carbohydrate-heavy foods, such as soft drinks, candy, cookies, and even fruit juice, leave deposits on your teeth. Bacteria bond with those deposits to form plaque. The combination of deposits and plaque forms acids that can damage the mineral structure of teeth and eat away at tooth enamel, resulting in tooth decay.
Gum disease also referred to as periodontal disease, can cause inflammation, bone damage, or even tooth loss. Bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth are common signs of gum disease. The bleeding and swelling that occurs in the early stages of the disease are known as gingivitis. As the disease progresses to periodontitis, teeth may fall out or need to be removed surgically. Daily flossing and brushing can help prevent gum disease.
Canker sores sometimes referred to as aphthous ulcers, are small sores inside the mouth. The sores are generally white or gray sounded by a red border. Oftentimes recurring, canker sores can last 1-2 weeks and can be reduced by the use of mouthwash or topical agents.
As the temperature changes, your teeth react by expanding and contracting. Hot and cold food and beverages can also cause irritation or pain for people with sensitive teeth. Enamel can wear down over time, gums may recede or teeth might develop microscopic cracks, exposing the tooth interior and irritating the nerves. The simple act of breathing cold air can be painful for people with sensitive teeth.
Bad Breath (Halitosis)
Food particles left in the mouth deteriorate and cause bad breath. Daily brushing and flossing help to prevent the build-up of food particles, plaque, and bacteria in your mouth. While certain foods, such as garlic or anchovies, may create temporary bad breath, consistent bad breath may be a sign of gum disease or another dental problem.
A bite that does not properly meet, also known as a malocclusion, can be genetically inherited or acquired. Common causes include misaligned jaws, crowded teeth, missing or extra teeth, injury/trauma, or developmental issues such as thumb sucking.